The azobe sheds all its leaves during a short period of one to two weeks, usually in December, and the re-growth of bright red young leaves, often simultaneously on all azobe trees in an area, can set the canopy ablaze with colour (2). The flowers of the azobe are white, fairly large, strong-smelling, and grouped in loose, branched, terminal inflorescences. Flowering occurs in adult trees with trunks over 50 centimetres in diameter, and takes place from the time the new leaves appear. Azobe is monoecious, meaning that male and female flowers are found on the same tree, and the flowers are insect-pollinated (2) (4) (6). Fruiting takes place between January and March, the fruits becoming mature around March to April, although fruits do not always appear every year (2). The fruits, which are wind-dispersed, contain a single, oil-rich seed in a conical capsule, which is brown when mature and is surrounded by two unequally-sized membranous ‘wings’, one up to six centimetres long and the other twice the size, at up to twelve centimetres (2) (4) (7). Although the azobe needs full sunlight to grow (2) (7), seedlings can persist for some time in the shady undergrowth and resume growth if and when sunlight again becomes available (2).