A largely nocturnal species, the Asian garden dormouse seeks shelter during the day in hollow trees and crevices among rocks, and may occasionally use a bird or squirrel nest as a foundation for building a shelter (2). Large numbers of individuals may live together in a relatively small area, sharing sleeping and feeding sites (2).
The Asian garden dormouse is one of the most carnivorous of all dormice (3). While its diet includes any nuts and fruits it can obtain, it is believed to primarily be a predator, preying on insects, small rodents and young birds (2). In some parts of its range, the Asian garden dormouse gains weight in autumn in preparation for a hibernation period, in order to avoid the perils of the coldest part of the winter (2).
During the mating season, the female Asian garden dormouse uses a whistle to attract a male. Once successful mating has occurred the female marks the area around the nest with scent and defends the area from intruders (3). The nest is a compact, round structure made of leaves and grass and situated up to three metres off the ground (2). Typically, one litter is produced each year (3), with each litter containing from two to eight young, born after a gestation period of 22 to 28 days (2). First opening their eyes at about 21 days of age, the young are weaned after 4 weeks, and may live for over 5 years (2).