The greatest threat thought to face the Arakan forest turtle is over-collection from the wild, both for local consumption and commercial export to the Asian food markets, particularly those of China and Thailand (5) (7). Not only are these turtles consumed, but their shells are also sold for traditional medicinal use (5). Hunting usually involves using trained dogs to search out the turtles, but limited burning of bamboo forests to intercept and capture fleeing turtles also takes place. Fortunately, the market demand for this species is relatively low and current harvesting levels are thought to be minimal. Extensive tracts of habitat remain and the human population density of the region is amongst the lowest in Southeast Asia (6). Nevertheless, habitat loss and degradation may represent additional threats, due to logging operations, road construction, forest clearance for agriculture, large-scale bamboo harvesting for a proposed paper mill, and uncontrolled forest fires (5) (6). Furthermore, this turtle’s restricted geographic range, low population density, late onset of sexual maturity and low reproductive output render it vulnerable to overexploitation (5) (6). These combined threats have left the species in grave danger of extinction, so much so that it was officially recognised in 2003 as one of the world’s top 25 most endangered turtles (4).