Arabian sand gecko (Stenodactylus arabicus)

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Arabian sand gecko showing unusual webbed feet, an adaptation for extra grip on sand
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Arabian sand gecko fact file

Arabian sand gecko description

KingdomAnimalia
PhylumChordata
ClassReptilia
OrderSquamata
FamilyGekkonidae
GenusStenodactylus (1)

A small and attractively marked gecko, the Arabian sand gecko is unusual for its webbed feet, which increase the surface area for burrowing and walking on soft sand (2) (3). The skin is delicate and pinkish in colour, almost transparent, and the relatively long tail has distinctive white and brown bands (3), particularly in juveniles (4). Like other gecko species (2) (5), the Arabian sand gecko has a large head, with large eyes that have vertical pupils. The male is somewhat smaller and more slender than the female (3).

Also known as
Arabian short-fingered gecko.
Synonyms
Trigonodactylus arabicus.
Size
Snout-vent length: up to 4 cm (2)
Total length: 6 - 10 cm (3)
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Arabian sand gecko biology

Little information is available on the biology of the Arabian sand gecko. Active at night, it is a ground-dwelling species (4) (7), and the female is reported to lay a single egg (2). Like other geckos, it is likely to feed on insects and other small invertebrates (5).

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Arabian sand gecko range

The Arabian sand gecko is found in Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Oman, Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates (3) (6).

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Arabian sand gecko habitat

The Arabian sand gecko inhabits the loose sand of dunes, coastal beaches and sandy plains (2) (3) (4) (7).

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Arabian sand gecko status

The Arabian sand gecko is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List (1).

IUCN Red List species status – Least Concern

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Arabian sand gecko threats

Very little is known about the threats to this small gecko. It is sometimes kept as a pet, but is apparently relatively rare in captivity, its delicate nature making it difficult to care for (3). In areas such as the United Arab Emirates, the species may potentially be impacted by a range of threats to its habitat, including urbanisation, industrial development, overgrazing, overextraction of groundwater, pollution, and increasing levels of tourism (8). However, the status of the Arabian sand gecko throughout its range is currently unknown.

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Arabian sand gecko conservation

There are currently no specific conservation measures known to be in place for the Arabian sand gecko. In the United Arab Emirates, the Environment Agency - Abu Dhabi (EAD) is working to protect and manage biodiversity in the region, and to promote sustainable development (9). Further research is likely to be needed into its biology, populations and the threats it faces, before specific conservation action can be taken for this delicate small lizard.

Environment Agency - Abu Dhabi is a principal sponsor of ARKive. EAD is working to protect and conserve the environment as well as promoting sustainable development in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi.
View information on this species at the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre.
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Find out more

To find out more about this and other sand geckos see:

For more information on conservation in the United Arab Emirates see:

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Authentication

This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. If you are able to help please contact:
arkive@wildscreen.org.uk

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Glossary

Invertebrates
Animals with no backbone, such as insects, crustaceans, worms, molluscs, spiders, cnidarians (jellyfish, corals, sea anemones), echinoderms, and others.
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References

  1. IUCN Red List (February, 2013) 
    http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  2. Hellyer, P. and Aspinall, S. (2005) The Emirates: A Natural History. Trident Press Limited, London.
  3. Ciliatus.it (August, 2009)
    http://www.ciliatus.it/index.php?a=articles&art=2
  4. Arnold, E.N. (1984) Evolutionary aspects of tail shedding in lizards and their relatives. Journal of Natural History, 18: 127 - 169.
  5. Halliday, T. and Adler, K. (2002) The New Encyclopedia of Reptiles and Amphibians. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  6. UNEP-WCMC (August, 2009)
    http://www.unep-wcmc.org/isdb/Taxonomy
  7. Vine, P. (1996) Natural Emirates: Wildlife and Environment of the United Arab Emirates. Trident Press, London.
  8. WWF: Major environmental threats in the UAE (August, 2009)
    http://www.panda.org/who_we_are/wwf_offices/united_arab_emirates/about/threats/
  9. The Environment Agency - Abu Dhabi (August, 2009)
    http://www.ead.ae/en/
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Image credit

Arabian sand gecko showing unusual webbed feet, an adaptation for extra grip on sand  
Arabian sand gecko showing unusual webbed feet, an adaptation for extra grip on sand

© Steve Downer / www.ardea.com

Ardea wildlife pets environment
59 Tranquil Vale
London
SE3 0BS
United Kingdom
Tel: +44 (0) 208 318 1401
ardea@ardea.co.uk
http://www.ardea.com

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