Anthemis (Anthemis filicaulis)

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Anthemis filicaulis flower
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Anthemis fact file

Anthemis description

KingdomPlantae
PhylumTracheophyta
ClassMagnoliopsida
OrderAsterales
FamilyCompositae
GenusAnthemis (1)

This small herb has very slender, appressed-hairy stems with alternating leaves and, like all Composit plants, possesses distinctive head-like inflorescences known as capitulums (2) (3). These capitulums usually resemble a single flower, but are in fact made up of numerous small individual flowers known as florets (2) (3). In this Anthemis species, these compact clusters of small florets are a vivid yellow colour, and could easily be mistaken for a single flower head (3).

Size
Stem length: 2 – 14 cm (2)
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Anthemis biology

The biology of this plant is poorly understood. The outer florets of the capitulum are female in Anthemis species, while the inner florets are hermaphrodite, having both male and female reproductive organs (2). The fruit produced after fertilisation is single-seeded (3), but little else has been recorded for this species.

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Anthemis habitat

Found near calcareous rocks (2) along the sea shore (4).

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Anthemis status

Classified as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Plant Species 1997 (1).

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Anthemis threats

The threats facing this species are unknown.

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Anthemis conservation

There are currently no conservation measures in place that target this species.

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Find out more

Tutin, T.G., Heywood, V.H., Burges, N.A. & Valentine, D.H. (1976) Flora Europaea: Vol. 4, Plantaginaceae to Compositae (and Rubiaceae). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

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Authentication

This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. If you are able to help please contact: arkive@wildscreen.org.uk
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Glossary

Appressed
Lying flat or pressed closely against something, as hairs on certain plant stems.
Capitulum
A compound flower head, consisting of many tightly packed flowers.
Endemic
A species or taxonomic group that is only found in one particular country or geographic area.
Inflorescence
The reproductive shoot of the plant, which bears flowers.
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References

  1. Walter, K.S. and Gillett, H.J. (1998) 1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants. IUCN (The World Conservation Union), Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
  2. Tutin, T.G., Heywood, V.H., Burges, N.A. and Valentine, D.H. (1976) Flora Europaea: Vol. 4, Plantaginaceae to Compositae (and Rubiaceae). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  3. Heywood, V.H. (1978) Flowering Plants of the World. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  4. Crete TOURnet (April, 2006)
    http://www.crete.tournet.gr/Flora-is-29-en.jsp
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Image credit

Anthemis filicaulis flower  
Anthemis filicaulis flower

© Julia Jones

Julia Jones
Albion House
Odos Filellinon
Pano Elounda 72053
Crete
Greece
Tel: +30 (00) 28410 42177
julia@flowersofcrete.info
http://www.flowersofcrete.info

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