Gerbillus species are burrowing rodents, but build less sophisticated warrens than other gerbil genera, which could suggest a more nomadic existence or may be due to physical limitations of the areas that Gerbillus species inhabit (4). These gerbils are sometimes gregarious, living in groups in favourable areas of habitat (4). It has been found that Anderson’s gerbiloccupies a small home range, typically covering 32 to 34 square metres, which contains both burrows and feeding areas (9).
Anderson’s gerbil is a nocturnal, seed-eating species (8) (9), which feeds primarily on the seeds of the common evergreen shrub species Thymelea hirsuta (10), and aggressively defends suitable foraging patches (11).
The breeding season for Anderson’s gerbilbegins in late winter or early spring, coinciding with the annual seed shedding of its favoured food Thymelea hirsuta (10). Both males and females of the species are reproductively active once a year (10), with the female giving birth to a litter of three to seven offspring (5) after a gestation period of 20 to 22 days (12). Anderson’s gerbil is able to reproduce in the breeding season the year after it is born, and it has been suggested that most adults die after the end of their first breeding season (10).