Almost nothing is known about the rare Albany adder. Like other Bitis species, it probably captures its prey by ambushing it (2). Lunging at its unsuspecting victim with an open mouth, the adder stabs the prey with its long fangs, releasing the slow-acting venom (3). The prey may be held in the mouth if it is small, or if it is large, the adder will release the prey, simply wait for the venom to take its course, and then eat its meal at leisure (2). Lizards are the main prey, but large individuals may occasionally take rodents (7). All adders in Africa are viviparous (2), meaning that they give birth to live young. Albany adders give birth to litters of three to seven young (7).