A Critically Endangered reptile with a highly restricted range, the Aeolian wall lizard (Podarcis raffonei) is endemic to the island group after which it is named (2). It is a member of the Lacertidae family, a large family of typically small to medium-sized lizards that vary greatly in colouration (3).
Although very little specific information has been published on the appearance of the Aeolian wall lizard, it is likely to be similar to other lizards in the Lacertidae family in being fairly slender with well-developed limbs and a long, fragile tail (3) (4). Lizards in this family generally have large, symmetrically arranged scales on the head, as well as large eyes with fairly large, round pupils (3). The tongues of lacertid lizards are typically covered in rounded scale-like projections, called ‘papillae’, and a number of folds which are arranged in alternating rows (3) (4).
The Aeolian wall lizard is brown with a spotted throat (5). However, lizards in the Lacertidae family are well known for being highly variable in colouration, with many species appearing brown, grey, yellow, light-blue or green above, to light-blue, yellow, red, orange or green below (3). In many species, the tail is often a different colour to the body. Juveniles in the genus Podarcis, for example, often have green tails which contrast against a characteristically cryptically-coloured body (6).
The Aeolian wall lizard was previously considered to be the same species as the Sicilian wall lizard, Podarcis wagleriana (7).