Tuesday 21 May
Aeluropus (Aeluropus lagopoides)
What’s the World’s Favourite Species?Find out here.
Aeluropus fact file
- Find out more
- Print factsheet
Aeluropus lagopoides is a creeping perennial grass with grey-green, lance-shaped leaves, which grow along the stem in two opposite rows (2) (3) (4). The rigid leaves are folded lengthways (2) (4), with hairs covering the surface (4). Aeluropus lagopoides has widely-spreading rhizomes which enable the plant to form thick mats (3) (4), and it produces dense, spherical inflorescences consisting of small clusters of ‘spikelets’ at the head of the stem (2) (3) (4).
- Stem length: 5 - 30 cm (2) (3)
- Leaf length: 0.5 - 4 cm (3) (4)
- Leaf width: 0.2 - 0.4 cm (3) (4)
- Inflorescence length: 2 cm (4)
Aeluropus lagopoides has many adaptations that enable itto exist in high-salinity habitats that are uninhabitable to many other plant species. The plant itself has a very low salt content (7), and it is able to expel the salt it gains from the highly saline soil through glands on the leaves (4) (6) (7). The small waxy leaves and strong root network also help this species to survive in stressful salty environments (6), especially throughout the summer months when there is a three-fold increase in soil salinity (7) (8).
A perennial species, Aeluropus lagopoides produces flowers throughout the year (4). It propagates vegetatively by underground roots called ‘rhizomes’ after monsoon rains, which produce roots and shoots identical to the parent plant (6) (7). Sexual reproduction also occurs in Aeluropus lagopoides, with numerous seeds and flowers produced between April and October (7) (8).Top
Aeluropus lagopoides has a large range, which spans southeast Europe, North Africa from Morocco to Somalia, the Middle East and the Arabian Peninsula, and central Asia, including India and Pakistan (3) (5).Top
Aeluropus lagopoides inhabits damp, saline soil (2) (4) on the fringes of salt-marshes and sulphurous springs, as well as on waste land and areas previously used for cultivation (5). In these areas it is usually the dominant plant species (2) (6).Top
Aeluropus lagopoides has yet to be classified by the IUCN.Top
Threats to Aeluropus lagopoides include being grazed by livestock during times of low food availability (2) (4). However, little else is known about other potential threats to this species. It is considered to be locally common in the United Arab Emirates (4).Top
There are not known to be any specific conservation measures currently in place for Aeluropus lagopoides.Top
Find out more
Find out more about grass species:
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew - GrassBase:
This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. If you are able to help please contact:
- Asexual reproduction
- Reproduction that does not involve the formation of sex cells (‘gametes’). In many species, asexual reproduction can occur by existing cells splitting into two, or part of the organism breaking away and developing into a separate individual. Some animals, including vertebrates, can also develop from unfertilised eggs; this process, known as parthenogenesis, gives rise to offspring that are genetically identical to the parent.
- An organ that makes and secretes substances used by the body.
- The reproductive shoot of a plant, which bears a group or cluster of flowers.
- A plant that normally lives for more than two years. After an initial period, the plant usually produces flowers once a year.
- An underground, horizontal plant stem that produces roots and shoots.
- Vegetative propagation
- Type of asexual reproduction (reproduction that does not involve the formation of sex cells) in which a new plant grows from part of another plant, rather than from seeds or spores. The resulting individual is genetically identical to the original plant.
UNEP-WCMC (January, 2012)
- Mahmoud, T. (2010) Desert Plants of Egypt’s Wadi El Gemal National Park. The American University in Cairo Press, Cairo, Egypt.
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: GrassBase - Aeluropus lagopoides (January, 2012)
- Jongbloed, M. (2003) The Comprehensive Guide to the Wildflowers of the United Arab Emirates. Environmental Research and Wildlife Development Agency, Abu Dhabi.
Flora of Pakistan - Aeluropus lagopoides (January, 2012)
- Ahmed, M.Z., Gilani, S.A., Kikuchi, A., Gulzar, S., Khan, M.A. and Watanabe, K.N. (2011) Population diversity of Aeluropus lagopoides: a potential cash crop for saline land. PakistanJournal of Botany, 43: 595-605.
- Gulzar, S. and Khan, M.A. (2001) Seed germination of a halophytic grass Aeluropus lagopoides. Annals of Biology, 87: 319-324.
- Mohsenzadeh, S., Malboobi, M.A., Razavi, K. and Farrahi-Aschtiani, S. (2006) Physiological and molecular responses of Aeluropus lagopoides (Poaceae) to water deficit. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 56: 314-322.
More »Related species
Play the Team WILD game
MyARKive offers the scrapbook feature to signed-up members, allowing you to organize your favourite ARKive images and videos and share them with friends.
Terms and Conditions of Use of Materials
Copyright in this website and materials contained on this website (Material) belongs to Wildscreen or its licensors.
Visitors to this website (End Users) are entitled to:
- view the contents of, and Material on, the website;
- download and retain copies of the Material on their personal systems in digital form in low resolution for their own personal use;
- teachers, lecturers and students may incorporate the Material in their educational material (including, but not limited to, their lesson plans, presentations, worksheets and projects) in hard copy and digital format for use within a registered educational establishment, provided that the integrity of the Material is maintained and that copyright ownership and authorship is appropriately acknowledged by the End User.
End Users shall not copy or otherwise extract, alter or manipulate Material other than as permitted in these Terms and Conditions of Use of Materials.
Additional use of flagged material
Green flagged material
Certain Material on this website (Licence 4 Material) displays a green flag next to the Material and is available for not-for-profit conservation or educational use. This material may be used by End Users, who are individuals or organisations that are in our opinion not-for-profit, for their not-for-profit conservation or not-for-profit educational purposes. Low resolution, watermarked images may be copied from this website by such End Users for such purposes. If you require high resolution or non-watermarked versions of the Material, please contact Wildscreen with details of your proposed use.
Creative commons material
Certain Material on this website has been licensed to Wildscreen under a Creative Commons Licence. These images are clearly marked with the Creative Commons buttons and may be used by End Users only in the way allowed by the specific Creative Commons Licence under which they have been submitted. Please see http://creativecommons.org for details.
Any other use
Please contact the copyright owners directly (copyright and contact details are shown for each media item) to negotiate terms and conditions for any use of Material other than those expressly permitted above. Please note that many of the contributors to ARKive are commercial operators and may request a fee for such use.
Save as permitted above, no person or organisation is permitted to incorporate any copyright material from this website into any other work or publication in any format (this includes but is not limited to: websites, Apps, CDs, DVDs, intranets, extranets, signage, digital communications or on printed materials for external or other distribution). Use of the Material for promotional, administrative or for-profit purposes is not permitted.